During September, Friends of the High Line is celebrating the Chelsea Grasslands – a special area of the park between West 18th and West 20th Streets that was inspired by the tallgrass prairie of the American Midwest. As part of the celebration, we're featuring plants and trees from the Grasslands throughout the month.
When asked to conjure an image of the prairie, most people picture an endless sea of grass, as far as the eye can see. In actuality, the tallgrass prairie was punctuated by groves of trees such as Quercus macrocarpa, or bur oak.
The groves existed in eastern transitional zones, from forest to pure tallgrass prairie. This "pioneer" species typically took hold in areas that provided more moisture than further west, areas such as lowlands and streambanks. The bur oak in particular was able to survive the wildfires common to the prairies due to a number of adaptations. These trees feature tough, corky bark that is able to withstand the immense heat and pressure of prairie fires. The species also leafs out later in spring than other trees, protecting its new growth from flames. Even leaves themselves feature a particularly tough underside that is also fire resistant. Finally, bur oaks grow a single deep taproot initially, which allows them to tolerate drought and also gives them a better chance of surviving a wildfire.
In the shallow soil of the High Line, the deep taproot of the bur oak is most likely stunted. Instead, the roots probably stretch further horizontally, and did so sooner. While bur oaks are one of the larger oaks found in North America, we anticipate that growth of our oaks will be stunted due to lack of soil depth. To care for our oaks in our extreme conditions, we give them compost multiple times a year and our resident arborist prunes them in a way to mind the heavy winds in the park.
WHERE TO FIND THIS PLANT
You can find a collection of six bur oaks on the southern end of the Chelsea Grasslands between West 18th and West 19th Streets.
Quercus macrocarpa is slow growing, but becomes massive with age. If you do have adequate space for the bur oak, it is a good shade tree, with a pleasing crown shape, stoic structure, interesting corky bark and wooly acorns.
The High Line's planting design is inspired by the self-seeded landscape that grew up between rail tracks after the trains stopped running in the 1980s. Today, the High Line includes more than 500 species of perennials, grasses, shrubs, and trees – each chosen for their hardiness, adaptability, diversity, and seasonal variation in color and texture. Some of the species that originally grew on the High Line's rail bed are reflected in the park landscape today. Every week we share one of our gardeners' current favorites with you.
Our horticultural team counts on members and friends like you to help keep the High Line beautiful and thriving. Join our community of supporters who play an essential role in the High Line's most important gardening projects.
Celebrating the Chelsea Grasslands is made possible, in part, by TD Bank—the Presenting Green Sponsor of the High Line.